Research and Learn Black History in 2021: Dr. James McCune Smith, The First African-American To Hold A Medical Degree and Run a Pharmacy In The U.S.

Dr. James McCune Smith entered Glasgow University in Scotland and earned three academic degrees, including a doctorate in medicine. When Smith returned to New York, his intellect and energy made him an instrumental figure in an emerging black community.

-The New York African Free School Collection

James McCune Smith 4/18/1813- 11/17/1865

First African American to receive a medical degree. 

Smith entered Glasgow University in Scotland and earned three academic degrees, including a doctorate in medicine after he was unable to attend college in the United States because he was black,

Smith was also an abolitionist, and author in New York City. 

Dr. Smith became the first African American to run a pharmacy in the America.

He worked with Frederick Douglass to establish the National Council of the Colored People. 

Smith debunked the pseudo-scientific subject of Phrenology which was being used to tout the idea of African-American inferiority

Learn more by following the links

The New York Free School Collection- Dr. James McCune Smith

American Physiology Society- Dr. James McCune Smith Debunks Phrenology.

Wikipedia- Dr. James McCune Smith

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